The principles of use of Energy Savings Certificates (CEE)

Energy Savings Certificates (CEE), also known as Energy Primes, correspond to the application of French measures in favor of reducing energy consumption. This makes it possible to considerably amortize the expenses linked to energy saving works.

The ESCs are awarded, under certain conditions , by the services of the Ministry responsible for energy, to eligible players (obligated but also other non-obligated legal persons) carrying out energy saving operations. These actions can be carried out in all sectors of activity (residential, tertiary, industrial, agricultural, transport, etc.), on the assets of those eligible or with third parties whom they have encouraged to save energy. Obliged persons also have the option of buying ESCs from other players who have carried out energy saving actions, in particular eligible non-obligated persons. This is a totally voluntary approach that comes in addition to the current regulations. It concerns both individuals and companies.

Concretely, it is a document issued in agreement with the State which proves that an energy saving action has been carried out by a company, an individual or a public authority. Its purpose is to validate reductions in consumption. A CEE represents a quantity of energy saved and more precisely 1 kWh cumac saved. The actual energy value of a ESC is calculated as the product of the number of kWh per year saved by the operation multiplied by the discount coefficient (Ca), which is calculated as follows:

a is the discount rate set at 4%

n is the lifetime in years of the energy saving operation

What is a kWh cumac?

This is the unit of measurement for EECs. The term ” cumac ” corresponds to the contraction of “cumulated” and ” updated “. This is the kWh of final energy accumulated and updated over the lifetime of the product (kWh of final energy cumac). This represents a quantity of energy that will have been saved thanks to the energy saving operations implemented.
The objective of reducing energy consumption has given rise to a real market for energy saving certificates. Indeed, these are bought and resold like any good. Realizing energy savings has become very interesting for individuals because the obligated remunerate them accordingly. Indeed, in exchange for their energy saving certificates, those liable pay them an energy bonus.

Standardized operation sheets, defined by decrees, are drawn up to facilitate the setting up of energy saving actions. They are classified by sector (residential, tertiary, industrial, agricultural, transport, networks) and define, for the most frequent operations, the fixed amounts of energy savings in kWh cumac. Energy savings made outside of standardized operations correspond to specific operations.

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